We will be there Sunday September 2, 2012 from 10:00am to 6:00pm. We will tell you all about Viking ships and sailing and Norse culture!
And you can eat Swedish Pancakes, Scandinavian baked goods, pea soup and other delicious food. Scandianavian Italian Ice, anyone? :-)
There will be lots of Vendors selling Scandinavian merchandise and performers.
Come and have a GREAT time!
On May 21st we will be setting up a Viking encampment with friends at the Daily Life Schola at Holcomb Farm in West Granby, CT. This is an all-day event filled with classes of every day activities of medieval life, from the daily use of Viking ships (that's us!) to baking in a bee-hive oven. If you're interested, come on by! We will have medieval clothing to loan for you to wear. Site fee is $8 (plus $5 if you are not a member of the SCA). The classes are mostly free, though some have a modest materials fee.
We will also be at the Roundhill Highland Games at Cranbury Park in Norwalk, CT on Saturday July 2, 2011 from 8am to 6pm. We'll be talking all about Vikings in Scotland.
Speaking of which, here's an article about a Viking archeology site on the Isle of Skye. This is so very, very cool.
Aerial surveys are being carried out over Skye to help archaeologists
investigate a 12th Century Viking shipbuilding site.
Boat timbers, a stone-built quay and a canal have already been
uncovered at Loch na h-Airde on Skye's Rubh an Dunain peninsula.
The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of
Scotland (RCAHMS) has launched the air surveys.
Staff hope to pinpoint new sites for investigation.
Working with marine archaeologists, RCAHMS also hope to find
potential dive sites for searches for the remains of ships and other artefacts.
Archaeologists now believe the loch was the focus for maritime activity
for many centuries, from the Vikings to the MacAskill and Macleod clans of Skye.
We've spent some time working on the boat. We've scraped and scraped and will scrape again tomorrow. We plan, probably in June, to paint it in stripes! See this illustration from an 11th century Anglo-Saxon manuscript. (Part of this article about a Viking Grave in Oxford, England in the Smithsonian Magazine.)
Also the longships on the Bayeux Embroidery are striped and there are contemporary descriptions of "colorful" Viking ships sailing up the Seine. So we decided to be colorful ourselves! You'll see the results at the Roundhill Highland Games.
We hope to see you all!
Here is the class description: The anatomy and rigging of a Viking or Norman ship. The Skogar Þrostur is a Viking Faering (four-oared boat) based on the Gokstad faering buried in Norway in the 9th century. We will demonstrate standing and running rigging, explain construction techniques, steering and navigation. Class outside (rain or shine - bring an umbrella if it looks like rain, one hour, no class limit.
We will also be teaching the Bayeux Embroidery Technique class I talk about below.
A combination of lecture on the political and social events leading up to the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and the embroidered tapestry that illustrates it, plus a hands-on lesson in the stem stitch and laid couching embroidery stitches used. Embroider one of the ships from the tapestry. Two hours. Materials fee $1 plus another $1 if you want to buy the wooden embroidery hoop. Class limit 8 for the hands on embroidery portion. Unlimited people can come and listen to the talk.
Novice Schola is put on by the Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA) group in Springfield, MA. It's a day long series of classes in Medieval Arts, Crafts, Sciences and History. There is no fee to be on site and attend the classes, though there may be a materials fee for individual classes.
There is a "Day Board" for no additional fee (though donations are welcome) which just means a medieval-themed buffet style lunch. Bring your own plates and silverware.
There is also a medieval feast that evening for $8.00 but only if you pay in advance by February 25th.
The SCA is a participatory group. All participants are required to wear a "reasonable attempt" at pre-1600 clothing. The group in Springfield has a lot of medieval clothing available to loan for the day. There are tubs of loaner clothing available at the check-in desk. Just ask to borrow some!
As soon as they post a class schedule, I'll update this entry. Classes in the past have ranged from how to make a book to beginning calligraphy to an overview of Viking Clothing. I love this event and all it's classes. And you really don't have to know anything about the SCA or medieval stuff to enjoy it.
We brought examples of the Bayeux Embroidery stitch technique--one of them on a piece of linen the width of the original so the students could get an idea of the actual size. We brought woad, weld and madder to show the dye stuffs. We brought examples of dyed wool and wool combs and a drop spindle to show how the embroidery wool was made. We recommend Paternayan tapestry wool if you're not going to dye and spin your own.
Janet and Carol are going to teach this class again in the Spring. It will be on a Wednesday in May at Manchester Community College. Actual date not yet determined.
This was such a fun class I hope I get a chance to teach it again. Perhaps for another Adult Education organization.
Many of you probably know about the Bayeux Tapestry. It isn't a tapestry at all--it's a 230+ foot long embroidery. So I call it the Bayeux Embroidery. It's all done in only three stitches--Stem stitch, laid work and couching. That covers a lot of ground with not much wasted thread on the back.
It was commissioned by William the Conqueror's half brother Bishop Odo of Bayeux. It was embroidered soon after William took the throne of England on December 25th, 1066. Consensus seems to be that it was embroidered in eight pieces at various nunneries in England; though the technique is very Scandinavian.
There are lots and lots of Viking-style ships on the Bayeux Embroidery. It's one of the main contemporary sources for what they looked like. There's even a faering on there (well, a small afterboat--it could be a faering!)
Janet and our friend Carol were going to teach a class on Bayeux style Embroidery at a local community college this month; but Janet can't make it so I've been drafted instead. I've been spending the weekend putting together a handout about the technique, materials and colors of threads; and a longer one on what happened when and by whom in 1066.
I know a lot about the Battle of Hastings and what lead up to it, of course. The Battle of Stamford Bridge on September 25, 1066 is often reckoned to be the end of the Viking age--with Harald Hardrada of Norway the last Viking King. But up to now I've only been explaining 1066 in two minute increments to interested people at faering demos. (The secret of Viking navigation is that they didn't have to be at work on Monday. This leads to a quick-and-dirty 2-minute lecture on why William was trapped on the wrong side of the channel all summer and Harold was out of position when he finally sailed across--with huge consequences to both the history of Western Europe and the English Language.) Tackling a two hour class that's part how-to-do-embroidery and part history of the Battle of Hastings is a whole other kettle of fish. And when we did a run through of the class last weekend I realized I needed more than quick-and-dirty 2-minute lectures.
So lots of reading and pasting and writing and finding good illustrations. I learned a lot, too. I knew that King Harold's brother Tostig had been with Harald Hardrada at the Battle of Fulford and the Battle of Stamford Bridge. But I hadn't known that probably Tostig talked Hardrada into the invasion. And I hadn't known much about why Tostig would fight against his brother (Tostig was removed from his post of Earl and exiled due to mismanagement and murder and Harold was the one who oversaw it. Though the decision was forced by the thegns of Northumbria.)
I also learned more about exactly why William felt he had a claim to the English Throne. And how close he came, multiple times, to failing in his invasion. And also why Pope Alexander II endorsed the invasion. (Probably as a result of Normans ... misleading ... the Pope.)
It's been an enlightening weekend and I can't wait to teach the class!
Labor Day Sunday we took the Skogar Þrostur to Scanfest, held at the Vasa Park in Budd Lake, New Jersey. We used to live in Hackettstown, just down the road from Budd Lake, so we told friends we were going to be there and Bron and her daughter Rowan and Gudrun and her son PJ came and helped us with the boat. PJ was great! He taught a several boys to spin wool.
Scanfest is a really fun festival. There are a lot of Scandinavian food booths, selling things to eat that day and also food imported from Scandinavia. There are many vendors that sell Scandinavian crafts and Nordic themed clothing. We left the boat to our friends for 45 minutes and did a bit of shopping. We found a birch bark box for Janet to use as a sewing kit in her work basket, straw Christmas Tree decorations sewn with red thread and some laser cut wooden Christmas tree decorations. We ate Swedish pancakes with lingon berries and had some almond and raspberry tart that I'd never had before but was wonderfully delicious.
And they had a wife carrying competition--their first. The winner got his "wife's" weight in beer. Contestants didn't have to carry their own wives, they could borrow anyone's or even a woman who wasn't a wife. We had a ring-side seat and oh, boy was it fun to watch!
But mostly we talked to people. Which can get repetitive in a blog since the main thing we talk about is the Skogar Þrostur and the Gokstad ship and Viking ship building techniques. We love doing Scandinavian festivals. Lots of people at these festivals have been to the Oslo or Danish ship museums and know about boats. They ask the most interesting questions.
Afterwords the six of us went to dinner at Janet's favorite Italian restaurant in Hackettstown. (My favorite Indian restaurant was closed due to a fire back in March. Sob!) We talked and had a great time. Rowan was five when we left Hackettstown and now she's almost 13 so getting to know her more grown up was fun.
We've penciled in the date for next year--always the Sunday of Labor Day. If you can go, go! It's great fun.
Janet and I are also members of The Longship Company, a non-profit group that owns a faering that ours was based on and also a 40 Viking warship, the Sae Hrafn (Sea Raven). The Longship Company is based in southern Maryland and the Sae Hrafn is berthed at the Calvert Marine Museum. Voyages are FREE, just tell them you're coming. (firstname.lastname@example.org) Also, if you tell them you're coming and then can't make it, please make sure you tell they you are not coming so they don't wait around for you. Bring two liters of water per person, a lunch, sunscreen and a hat. Viking clothing is not required. 21st century boating clothes are completely fine. Below is their fall schedule: In case any of y'all are in the Tidewater this autumn (or just feel like a good sail): All voyages are now from the Calvert Marine Museum. We enter through the back gate by the boat shop. Please call to confirm voyage; subject to change due to weather and other conditions. All times are for crew assembly. Sept. 12; Sunday 12:00 - Voyage Sept. 25; Saturday; Viking Day at Calvert Marine Museum- Reenactment, displays, lectures, whatever we can do that is safe and educational. Short voyages (maybe), blacksmithing, interpretation, etc. Oct. 2; Saturday, 10:00 – Voyage October 9 – 10, Sat. & Sun.; Patuxent River Appreciation Days – Skeleton crew needed to interpret the ship to hordes and herds of visitors! Too crowded to sail, but a great chance for interpretation and recruitment. October 23-24 - Hastings 42 (Markland's 41st anniversary) Battle reenactment and general good time held at Kings Landing Park. Possible overnight voyages to sail the Sae Hrafn up and back. Possible afternoon and early evening voyage on weekend. Nov. 6; Saturday, 10:00 – Photo voyage; with power boat as chase, tow and photography-boat. (For this voyage, Viking clothing would be required.) Nov. 21; Sunday, 12:00 – Voyage (Autumn colors and cool weather for rowing and sailing; a delightful time of year.) Dec. 4; Saturday, 10:00 final full voyage and downrigging for end of season and haulout. December 6 – 18; row to Washburns' Boatyard for haulout and trailer to winter quarters.
Back around the year 900 anno domini, a very wealthy Norse man was buried with a full panoply of grave goods. These included the Gokstad ship—79 feet long, 17 feet wide, and could hold a maximum crew of 70 people—and also included three smaller boats: a 6-oared boat (seksring), a 4-oared boat (faering) and another boat which is rarely described in the literature because it was not as well preserved as the other two.
The Skogar Þrostur is based on the Gokstad faering boat.
Along with his own small armada, the man in the Gokstad grave was buried with many more goods to see him into the next world:
- Five bed frames
- 64 round shields, tied in place on a shield rack. The shields were painted alternating black and yellow and there were two of them for each oar port.
- A wooden sledge
- A 750 litre wooden cask for water, buckets, and kitchen gear
- The verge boards (uprights) for an A-frame Viking tent
- Three iron fishhooks
- What might be a back pack—possibly for hunting.
- A two-sided game board made of oak with playing pieces made of horn.
- Pieces of horse harness
- Six cups and a plate made of wood
- Twelve horses
- Six dogs
- The earliest known Peacock found in Northern Europe
What wasn’t found:
- No sword
- No jewelry
- No gold
- No silver
The grave was robbed of such things long before archeologists excavated the ship.
So what can we deduce from this? The man in the grave was probably a King. Maybe Olaf Gudrødsson from Vestfold who, according to the Heimskringla, died about then.
The Norse had portable, knock-down beds. And tents. They used sledges to get around on the snow, with horses to pull them. Even very wealthy men liked to fish and play board games. He might even have liked to cook, though most people think the cooking gear was part of the camping goods. The Norse may have liked to hunt for sport—-the possible back pack has a drawing of what may be a deer and is certainly a dog on the lid. Not to mention the 6 dogs sacrificed to follow him into death. They imported things, probably even live peacocks, from vast distances.
And most stunningly of all, they built breathtakingly beautiful ships. The lines of the Gokstad Ship are the most beautiful, classic, simple, and proportioned I have ever seen. Vast numbers of stylized representation of not only Viking ships, but of ships in general, use the Gokstad prow as a model. Stunning.